The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Provides financial support under RESPOND Programme for conducting research and development activities related to space science , space technology and space applications in universities and academic institutions in India. In special cases research and development project proposed by non-academic R&D Laboratories can also be supported trough this Programme.The main objective of the RESPOND programme is to establish strong links with academic institutions to carryout quality research and developmental projects of relevance to space and derive useful outputs to support ISRO programmes. The aim of RESPOND programme is to enhance academic base, generate human resources and infrastructure at the academic institution to support the space programme. Under the broad umbrella of respond. ISRO runs space technology cells at IITs, IISc and Pune university which coordinate research proposals within the respective institutions. Respond at NRSC is implemented under the umbrella of ISRO Respond and caters to specific research topics pertaining to NRSC activities. The programme at NRSC has evolved into a dynamic & respective face of Respond and contributes significantly to ISRO programme on Sponsored Research.
Overview of NRSC Activities
National remote sensing centre(NRSC) formerly known as National remote sensing agency(NRSA) under ISRO, Department of Space, Govt. of India, is engaged in the acquisition of Remote Sensing satellite data, processing, dissemination and value addition of aerospace data to operationalise space technology for monitoring & management of natural resource, environment and natural disasters. NRSC operates through its four wings, namely satellite data acquisition products and services, Remote Sensing & GIS applications, Aerial services and digital mapping and Regional centres located at Jodhpur, Kolkata, Nagpur and Bangalore. The processed satellite data is disseminated to users through NRSC Data Centre.
Activities in Brief:
- Data Processing deals with Satellite data product generation, Value addition and Data dissemination to facilitate enhanced utilization of RS data
- Hardware and Software Development for Data Acquisition and Processing
- Expertise in establishing ground station facility for IRS satellites and providing Data Acquisition and Processing solutions to various countries.
- Archival and Management of global data from IRS and other satellites
- Geospatial services in the areas of land, Bio, Earth, water and Marine Resources, Environmental Analysis, Atmospheric sciences, Urban Development, Geoinformatics.
- Disaster management services(24x7) to support during floods, agricultural drought and forest fires and for the disaster events like cyclones, landslides and earth quakes. Aerial surveys and extending large scale mapping services cartographic mapping and digital data services to the civilian sector.
- Outreach through the training, workshops, student projects, and promotional activities related to remote sensing applications at regional and national level. Bhuvan the geospatial of ISRO showcases Indian imaging capabilities in a multi-sensor, multi-platform and multi temporal domain. This portal is a gateway to explore and discover virtual earth in 3D space, with specific emphasis on the Indian region.
Chairman ,ISRO formed the management council for respond. The RESPOND management council is expected to provide overall guidance to RESPOND programme at ISRO level. The ISRO level activities are executed and monitored by Dy.Director,RESPOND. At NRSC, the RESPOND Programme is coordinated and monitored By RESPOND Review Committee(RRC). The RESPOND Programme is carried out under the overall responsibility and guidance of RRC. The committee scrutinizes new proposals based on comments given by NRSC expert and reviews each project. Once in a year, RRC Conduct a detailed review of respond projects mainly on progress, fund and duration of ongoing projects and provide recommendations. During these reviews, Principal Investigator(PI) are encouraged to bring out technical issues. The centre Respond activities are coordinated by Convenor/coordinator, Respond.
Projects under RESPOND
- Remote sensing based analysis of vegetation succession recovery in the event of fire damage in Bhadra Wildlife sanctuary of Western Ghats. P.I is Dr. R.K. Somshekar, Dept of Environmental Sciences, Bangalore University, Bangalore 560 059
- Impact of Landuse/Landcover changes on the Hydrologic Regime in Western Ghats-A case study in Netravathi Basin, using RS & GIS. P.I is Dr.Yadupathi Putty, Dept of Civil Engg, NIE, Mysore-570008
- Diurnal variation in Hydrographic condition in the near shore regions off Honnavar, Central West Coast of India, implications on application of OCM for Pollution dispersion studies. P.I is Dr.V.S.Hegde, Centre for Appln of spatial information system & Tools, SDM College of Engg & Tech, Dharwar - 580 002
- Development of Advanced texture classifiers for Remotely sensed data using Photometric Stereo-case study of Algar hills, Madurai District. P.I is Dr.B.Sathya Bama, Dept of Electronics and communication Engg. Thiagarajar college of Engg, Madurai-625 015
- Study and development of Image compression algorithms for satellite images. P.I is G.Sadashivappa, R.V.College of EnggR.V.Vidyaniketan post Mysore road,Bangalore
- Monitoring peri-Urbanisation of Bangalore city- Applying GIS & Remote Sensing. P.I is Dr.Ashok D Hanjagi, Dept of Geography & Geoinformatics, Bangalore University, Bangalore-560056
- Spatial characterisation studies of clear and fracture pattern in coal formations from Godavari valley coal basin to evaluate the zone of coal bed Methane(CBM) migration and accumulation, using RS and field studies. P.I is Dr.Mokka Jagannadha Rao, Dept of Geology, A.U,Visakapatnam-530 003
- Analysis of positioning errors in GPS ground control surveys from cognitive psychology perspective- An intervention to reduce such Errors and improve Accuracy. P.I is Prof. Beena Chintalapuri, Dept of Psycology, University college of Arts and social sciences, O.U, Hyderabad-500 007
- Hardware implementation of image enhancement using wavel/Retinex algorithms. PI is Dr S Govindraju , Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore 641006-TN
- Panchromatic images, image segmentation using level sets, active contour models. P.I: is Dr.Vaithiyanathan, prof school of computing,, Sastra university
- Spatio-Temporal monitoring of soil moisture dynamics and crop growth. P.I: is Dr.Sampath Kumar, Satyabama University, Chennai
- Intelligent satellite image retrieval and analysis based on ontology approach. P.I: is Dr.Suriyakala, Satyabama University, Chennai
- Classification of Forest types and Estimation of Tree heights from space borne polarimetric SAR data. P.I: is Dr. Maheswari, Satyabama University, Chennai
- AWIFS Spectral Biomass Model for Thiruvannamalai District. P.I: is Dr.V.E.Nathaji Marriappans, Centre for remote sensing and Geoinformatics, Satyabama University, Chennai
- Study of the Biodiversity of Kodachadri hill range in Mookambika Wild Life Sanctuary. P.I: is Vivekananda College of Arts, Science & Commerce, Puttoor
- Development of Image Processing Method for assessing content of Trees Outside Forests using IRS High Resolution Satellite Images.P.I: is Dr K.SriRama Krishna, Prof & HOD of E.C.E of V.R.Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada
- Multi-spectral data compression
- Spatial database management and data mining
- Design and development of Calibration site (optical / microwave)
- Automated Data Quality Assessment techniques
- Information fusion methods for multi-sensor data
- Automated cloud detection algorithms
- Calibration of aerial/HR /Lidar / GPS sensors
- Automation in Aerial/HR data processing and DEM/Feature extraction
- Data Compression and Archival
- Spatial modelling for Peri Urban Areas
- Surface and sub-surface data integration technologies for Archealogy
- Uncertainity in GIS database creation
- Cognitive techniques in remote sensing data analysis
- Development of automatic feature extraction algorithms (water spread, snow cover, crop and vegetation etc
- Hyperspectral remote sensing for water quality
- Ground water withdrawals using space data.
- Hydrologic parameterization and modeling using space inputs
- Altimeter data processing for estimation of water levels in lakes and rivers
- Estimation of snow depth, snow water equivalent and snow pack characterization.
- Upscaling/downscaling of gridded data (meteorological and thematic)
- Spatial interpolation of AWS data
- Spatio-temporal time series analysis and forecasting
- Inter-sensor normalization techniques
- Ocean and weather modeling and Forecasting
- Satellite altimeter waveform data processing over oceans
- Multi resolution segmentation approaches for classification of land use / land cover
- Data mining for resource characterization and response patterns
- Forewarning of disasters
- Predictive modeling for early warning and Polarimetric radar for retrieval of geo / biophysical parameters
- Processing of INSAR data for deformations and land subsidence
- EO products & parameters for improved NWP
- Integration of spectral indices from optical, thermal and microwave based for crop condition assessment
- Forewarning of crop stress
- Techniques for utilization of high resolution (ca. 5 m) data for natural resources assessment
- Textural classifiers
- Polarimetric decomposition techniques for Classification of crop / vegetation types
- Interferometric water cloud model for vegetation height assessment
- Assessment of climate variation / change and its impacts using EO data
- Modelling (Landslide Susceptibility Modelling and Forecasting, Glacier Lake Outburst Flood Modelling & Snow Avalanche Modelling
- Software (Indigenous software package for microwave/hyperspectral data processing, Integration of models to generate operational products using microwave / hyperspectral data and Climate data assimilation & analysis using satellite data derivatives