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IRS Data Products
Earth Observation (EO) from satellite platforms is proved to be an indispensable tool for natural resources mapping, monitoring and management, including environmental assessment at global, regional and local levels. This is particularly due to multi-platform, multi-resolution, multi-temporal and synoptic viewing capabilities from space platforms. Remote Sensing Satellites were commissioned as an integrated facility with Data acquisition and Product generation at Shadnagar complex of National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), formerly known as National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA), for Landsat MSS data reception, way back in 1979. With the availability of data from the operational Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS), from 1988, NRSA started disseminating IRS satellite data to the user community.
Over a period of time, the Indian EO programme has evolved into a fully operational system providing rich data services to the user community. Data from EO satellites support wide range of information needs of the user community for better understanding of the Earth system at global to local scale and helps in providing information on natural resources, agricultural, water, land use, forests, weather, natural disasters and so on. Today, India is one of the leading countries in the world for the operational use of satellite remote sensing for National development. The Indian EO System is widely acclaimed around the world for its application driven approach. The system operates under a unique national level institutional framework, National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS) established under the aegis of the Planning Commission.
With a host of payloads onboard the series of Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) Satellites, the Indian EO system is providing varieties of operational services to the user community in the country. The Planning Committee of NNRMS (PC-NNRMS), chaired by Member (Science), Planning Commission, oversees various aspects of EO technology utilization in the country and provides necessary guidance for implementation of application programmes of national importance. The nine high-power Standing Committees, constituted under NNRMS, provides the impetus for operational use of remote sensing and allied technologies in different thematic areas, through respective Ministries.
Government has adopted a comprehensive Remote Sensing Data Policy (RSDP) for the acquisition and distribution of satellite remote sensing data - from Indian and foreign satellites for civilian users in India. The Policy comprehensively covers guidelines for satellite data acquisition and distribution in the country and also for licensing the IRS capacities to other countries. Department of Space is the nodal agency for implementing the Policy. In particular, the Policy streamlines the distribution of high-resolution data to Government users; private users involved in developmental activities with government and other private/ academic/ foreign users. The RSDP is envisaged to be a step towards making transparent procedures for satellite data distribution, including those from high resolution imaging systems, and, without being restrictive. This has helped in regulating the process of data distribution, so that the Indian users are not denied access to this valuable information - which has become a main¬stay of the natural resources management activities of the country. Through this policy, the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)/ DOS is vested with the authority to acquire and disseminate all satellite remote sensing data in India, both from Indian and foreign satellites.
The NRSC has wealth of images from Indian and foreign remote sensing satellites in its archives and also has the capability to acquire data pertaining to any part of the globe on demand. NRSC also supports, through ANTRIX, establishment of International Ground Stations and International reseller network to receive, process and market IRS data products globally.
NRSC provides end-to-end solutions for utilization of data for natural resources management, geospatial applications and information services. NRSC facilitates several remote sensing & GIS application projects for natural resources and environmental management catering to food security, water security, energy security and sustainable development. NRSC is also providing single window, disaster management support services through the Decision Support Centre. NRSC also implemented Bhuvan, a Geoportal of Indian Space Research Organization, showcasing Indian Imaging Capabilities in multi-sensor, multi-platform and multi-temporal domain. This Earth browser gives a gateway to explore and discover virtual earth in 3D space with specific emphasis on Indian Region, thematic data dissemination, Pocket Bhuvan and EO data down loads.
The satellite data are acquired, processed and disseminated to the user community as standard/ value added products to the Indian and International user community. In order to minimize the turn-around-time from data acquisition to product delivery and to provide near real time data for critical applications, Integrated Multi-mission Ground Segment for Earth Observation Satellites (IMGEOS) has been conceived and is being implemented at Shadnagar Complex of NRSC.
IRS Satellite Data Products
|Mission||Date of Launch||Launch Vehicle||Payloads||Data Availability|
|SARAL||May 25, 2013||PSLV-C20||Ka band Altimeter, ALTIKA
ARGOS Data Collection System
Solid State C-band Transponder (SCBT)
|Since Mar 13, 2013|
|RISAT-1||April 26, 2012||PSLV-C19||SAR||Since Jul 1, 2012|
|Megha-Tropiques||Oct 12, 2011||PSLV-C18||MADRAS, SAPHIR, ScaRaB and ROSA||-|
|RESOURCESAT-2||Apr 20, 2011||PSLV-C16||LISS III,LISS IV Mx,AWiFS||Since May 8, 2011|
|Oceansat-2||23.09.2009||PSLV-C14||OCM,SCAT||OCM Since Jan 1, 2010
SCAT from Jan 1, 2010-Jan 30, 2014.
|RISAT-2||20.04.2009||PSLV-C12||SAR||Since Apr 22, 2009|
|IMS-1||28.04.2008||PSLV-C9||IMS-1 Mx, HySI||Apr 30, 2008 to Sep 20, 2012|
|CARTOSAT-2A||Apr 28, 2008||PSLV-C9||PAN||-|
|CARTOSAT - 2||10.01.2007||PSLV-C7||PAN||Since Apr 14, 2007|
|CARTOSAT-1||05.05.2005||PSLV-C6||PAN||Since May 8, 2005|
|Resourcesat-1(IRS-P6)||17.10.2003||PSLV-C5||LISS III,LISS IV Mx, AWiFS||Since Dec 7, 2003|
|Tech. Exp. Satellite (TES)||22.10.2001||PSLV-C3||PAN||Nov 1, 2001 to Dec 12, 2011|
|Oceansat -1 (IRS-P4)||26.05.1999||PSLV-C2||OCM, MSMR||Jul 1, 1999 to Aug 05, 2010|
|IRS-1D||29.09.1997||PSLV-C1||PAN,LISS III WiFS||Jan 1, 1998 to Dec 31, 2009|
|IRS-P3||21.03.1996||PSLV-D3||WiFS,MOS||Apr 1, 1996-Jan 25, 2004|
|IRS-1C||28.12.1995||Molniya||PAN,LISS III WiFS||Nov 14, 1996 to Sep 20, 2007|
|IRS-1B||29.08.1991||Vostok||LISS-1,LISS-2A,LISS-2B||Oct 2, 1991 to Sep 9, 2001 Archival policy implemented (4 cycles per year|
|SROSS-2||July 13, 1988||ASLV||Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) payload and Mono Payload Ocular Electro-Optic Stereo Scanner (MEOSS) built by DLR, Germany||-|
|IRS-1A||17.03.1988||Vostok||LISS-1,LISS-2A,LISS-2B||Apr 4, 1988 to May 28, 1991 Archival policy implemented (4 cycles per year|
|RS-D2||Apr 17, 1983||SLV-3||LISS-1,LISS-2A,LISS-2B||-|
|Bhaskara-II||Nov 20, 1981||C-1 Intercosmos||TV cameras, three band Microwave Radiometer (SAMIR)||-|
|RD-D1||May 31, 1981||SLV-3||Landmark Tracker ( remote sensing payload)||-|
|Bhaskara-I||Jun 07, 1979||C-1Intercosmos||TVcameras, three band Microwave Radiometer (SAMIR)||-|
Data Products and Services
The NRSC offers a wide suite of products from the IRS Satellites IRS Satellite Data Products
Types of Products
High Resolution (5.8m and better)
- Cartosat-2 (1m) System Corrected Georeferenced/ Orthokit
- Cartosat-1 (2.5m) Geo/ Orthokit, Stereo Orthokit, DEM
- RISAT (1-8m) Standard Full Scene
- Resourcesat-1&2 LISS-IV FMX, SMX (5.8m) Geo/ Orthokit, Orthocorrected
Medium Resolution (5.8 m to 56 m)
- Resourcesat-1&2 LISS-III (23.5m) Geo/ Ortho
- Resourcesat-1&2 AWiFS (56m) Quadrant Geo/ Ortho
Low Resolution (360 m and coarser)
- Oceansat 1&2 OCM (360m) Full Scene, Geophysical