Earth Observation Missions

Starting with IRS-1A in 1988, ISRO has launched many operational remote sensing satellites. Today, India has one of the largest constellations of remote sensing satellites in operation. Currently, eleven operational satellites are in orbit – RESOURCESAT-1 and 2, CARTOSAT-1, 2, 2A, 2B, RISAT-1 and 2, OCEANSAT-2, Megha-Tropiques and SARAL. Varieties of instruments have been flown onboard these satellites to provide necessary data in a diversified spatial, spectral and temporal resolutions to cater to different user requirements in the country and for global usage. The data from these satellites are used for several applications covering agriculture, water resources, urban planning, rural development, mineral prospecting, environment, forestry, ocean resources and disaster management.

 

Mission Date of Launch Launch Vehicle Payloads Data Availability
OPERATIONAL
SARAL May 25, 2013 PSLV-C20 Ka band Altimeter, ALTIKA
ARGOS Data Collection System
Solid State C-band Transponder (SCBT)
Since Mar 13, 2013
RISAT-1 April 26, 2012 PSLV-C19 SAR Since Jul 1, 2012
Megha-Tropiques Oct 12, 2011 PSLV-C18 MADRAS, SAPHIR, ScaRaB and ROSA -
RESOURCESAT-2 Apr 20, 2011 PSLV-C16 LISS III,LISS IV Mx,AWiFS Since May 8, 2011
Oceansat-2 23.09.2009 PSLV-C14 OCM,SCAT OCM Since Jan 1, 2010
SCAT from Jan 1, 2010-Jan 30, 2014.
RISAT-2 20.04.2009 PSLV-C12 SAR Since Apr 22, 2009
IMS-1 28.04.2008 PSLV-C9 IMS-1 Mx, HySI Apr 30, 2008 to Sep 20, 2012
CARTOSAT-2A Apr 28, 2008 PSLV-C9 PAN -
CARTOSAT - 2 10.01.2007 PSLV-C7 PAN Since Apr 14, 2007
CARTOSAT-1 05.05.2005 PSLV-C6 PAN Since May 8, 2005
Resourcesat-1(IRS-P6) 17.10.2003 PSLV-C5 LISS III,LISS IV Mx, AWiFS Since Dec 7, 2003
Tech. Exp. Satellite (TES) 22.10.2001 PSLV-C3 PAN Nov 1, 2001 to Dec 12, 2011
DECOMMISSIONED
Oceansat -1 (IRS-P4) 26.05.1999 PSLV-C2 OCM, MSMR Jul 1, 1999 to Aug 05, 2010
IRS-1D 29.09.1997 PSLV-C1 PAN,LISS III WiFS Jan 1, 1998 to Dec 31, 2009
IRS-P3 21.03.1996 PSLV-D3 WiFS,MOS Apr 1, 1996-Jan 25, 2004
IRS-1C 28.12.1995 Molniya PAN,LISS III WiFS Nov 14, 1996 to Sep 20, 2007
IRS-P2 15.10.1994 PSLV-D2 LISS-2A,LISS-2B -
IRS-1B 29.08.1991 Vostok LISS-1,LISS-2A,LISS-2B Oct 2, 1991 to Sep 9, 2001 Archival policy implemented (4 cycles per year
SROSS-2 July 13, 1988 ASLV Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) payload and Mono Payload Ocular Electro-Optic Stereo Scanner (MEOSS) built by DLR, Germany -
IRS-1A 17.03.1988 Vostok LISS-1,LISS-2A,LISS-2B Apr 4, 1988 to May 28, 1991 Archival policy implemented (4 cycles per year
RS-D2 Apr 17, 1983 SLV-3 LISS-1,LISS-2A,LISS-2B -
Bhaskara-II Nov 20, 1981 C-1 Intercosmos TV cameras, three band Microwave Radiometer (SAMIR) -
RD-D1 May 31, 1981 SLV-3 Landmark Tracker ( remote sensing payload) -
Bhaskara-I Jun 07, 1979 C-1Intercosmos TVcameras, three band Microwave Radiometer (SAMIR) -

 

Earth Observation Missions